Objectives of Fire Safety Training

Posted: September 15, 2010 in Fire Safety Training
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The Objectives of Fire Safety Training To provide staff with an overview of:

  • Fire drills
  • Fire exits
  • Fire alarm/suppression system
  • Fire safety equipment
  • Smoke doors, Emergency generators, Fire extinguishers
  • Controlling a fire
  • Evacuation

Fire Drills

  • Provide practice and criticism of our training and fire response
  • They occur on an unannounced basis

Fire Doors

  • In a fire, are their only means of escape
  • Exits and corridors must be free of equipment and furniture
  • Fire doors close automatically in a fire and are designed to contain the fire and smoke
  • Never prop or block fire doors from closing properly

Fire Alarm System

  • The alarm is activated if it detects smoke, the flow of water in irrigation pipes, or if an alarm is activated by manual pull
  • Manual pull alarms are located throughout the facility and are red in color
  • Alarms will continue to sound on the fire floor, and the floors above and below the fire, until silenced by security
  • Flashing visual alarms are provided for the hearing impaired
  • Security monitors fire alarms 24 hours a day, 365 days a year
  • Sprinklers are only activated by heat.  Each sprinkler is discharged independently.

Emergency Generator System

  • Supplies emergency power if normal power is disrupted
  • Supplies power to emergency lighting, life support systems, exit signs and red emergency power outlets
  • The emergency generators will activate and supply power within 10 seconds of a disruption

Controlling a Fire

  • Pull the nearest fire alarm and call security, or your designated emergency contact (i.e., security)
  • Control a fire with a fire extinguisher until the fire department arrives
  • Do not endanger your own safety!
  • Do not run with burning articles!
  • Evacuate patients in danger and reassure patients and visitors that we are responding
  • Close all doors in the area of the fire
  • Move combustible items away from the fire
  • Shut off unnecessary electrical equipment

When confronted with a fire, use the acronym RACE to remember the correct procedures to follow:

  • Rescue those in immediate danger
  • Alarm others in the area by activating the nearest fire alarm
  • Confine the fire and Call security or your designated emergency contact
  • Extinguish the fire if small, or Evacuate

Fire Extinguishers

Fire Extinguishers Training includes the following

  • In controlling a fire with an extinguisher
  • Ensure that back-up extinguishers are available
  • Do not attempt to put out an overhead fire
  • Extinguishers are located so you will not have to travel more than 75 feet, in any direction, to find one
  • Access to fire extinguishers should remain unobstructed
  • Do not re-hang partially discharged extinguishers
  • Missing or discharged extinguishers should immediately be reported to the department responsible for replacing the extinguishers

Follow the acronym PASS to use a fire extinguisher:

  • Pull the pin
  • Aim low, at the base of the fire
  • Squeeze the handle.  Stand about ten feet from the fire.
  • Sweep the hose from side to side

Person on Fire

  • Do not panic or run
  • If possible, wrap the person in a blanket
  • If a blanket is not available, roll the person over from side to side
  • Keep the injured person as calm as possible

Evacuation

  • Evacuation will be ordered if:
  • The fire cannot be controlled, or patients, visitors and employees are in immediate danger
  • Two types of evacuation:
  • Lateral – Evacuation through smoke/fire barrier doors to a safe area on the same floor
  • Vertical – Evacuation of all occupants on a floor to another safe floor

Preparing for Evacuation

  • Dress patients to prepare for weather conditions outside
  • Move bedfast patients in wheelchairs
  • Move medical charts with patients and account for all patients upon departure and arrival
  • Check evacuation routes in advance to ensure they are safe

Safety Precautions During Evacuation

  • Evacuate beyond smoke/fire barrier doors
  • Do not utilize elevators in areas directly threatened by fire
  • When traveling through smoke and/or fire, remember to keep low, wrap patients in wet blankets and keep faces covered
  • Do not run!
  • Do not open a door into an area where a suspected fire might be.  To check doors:
  • Brace your shoulder and foot against the door and slowly open it
  • If smoke seeps through, close the door
  • If there is no heat or smoke, proceed to evacuate
  • Close all doors as you pass
  • Do not allow anyone to return to the area

To Know more about Fire Saftey Course

 

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